Once a patient is under anesthesia, the doctor will insert a needle and inject a harmless gas into the abdomen. The gas raises the abdominal wall so that the doctor will be able to see the patient’s reproductive organs more clearly. The needle is removed and the laparoscope is inserted through a tiny incision. Another small incision is made in the lower abdomen so that the doctor can insert a probe. The probe is used to move or lift the organs to see hidden areas. Also, a dye may be injected through the cervix into the uterus and fallopian tubes to see if they are open or blocked.
If a problem is identified, the doctor can sometimes address it during the procedure using a surgical instrument inserted through a small incision in the lower abdomen.
When the procedure is complete, the physician will be able to share the findings immediately and discuss options for addressing areas of concern, if there are any. If samples were taken for biopsy, those results should be reported within a week.